turkish flag

turkey glance

 

Official Name of Country Republic of Turkey
Capital City Ankara
Government Presidential System of Government
Population 82 million (2018)
Labor Force (Population) 32.3 million (2018)
Median Age 32 (2018)
Official Language Turkish
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Area 783,562.38 km²
Coordinates 39° 55' North, 32° 50' East (Ankara)
Time Zone GMT +3
Neighboring Countries Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia
Major Cities (Population) Istanbul (15.0 million), Ankara (5.5 million), Izmir (4.3 million), Bursa (3 million), Antalya (2.4 million) (2018)
Climate Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters
Telephone Code +90
Country Code Top-Level Domain .tr
Electricity Voltage 220 V, 50 Hz
Currency Turkish Lira (TRY)
Financial Center Istanbul
GDP USD 784 billion (2018 - Current Prices)
GDP Per Capita USD 9,632 (2018)
Exports Value USD 168 billion (2018)
Imports Value USD 223 billion (2018)
Tourism Revenue USD 25.2 billion (2018)
Tourist Number 38.9 million (2018)
Foreign Direct Investment USD 13.2 billion (2018)
Number of Companies with Foreign Capital 65,533 (2018)
Inflation Rate 20.3% (CPI-2018)
Major Exports Markets Germany (9.6%); UK (6.6%); Italy (5.7%); Iraq (5.0%); US (4.9%); Spain (4.6%); France (4.3%); Netherlands (2.8%); Belgium (2.4%); Israel (2.3%) (2018)
Major Imports Sources Russia (9.6%); China (6.6%); Germany (5.7%); US (5.0%); Italy (4.9%); India (4.6%); UK (4.3%); France (2.8%); Iran (2.4%); South Korea (2.3%) (2018)
Trade Agreements
  • Customs Union Agreement with the EU
  • Customs Union Agreement with the EU Free Trade Agreements with Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, EFTA member countries (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), Faroe Islands, Ghana, Kosovo, Lebanon, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine, Serbia, Sudan, Tunisia
Traffic Flow Right